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Lo�inj (pronounced low-sheen) (Italian Lussino, Latin Apsorrus) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea, in the Kvarner gulf. It is near the city of Rijeka, and also a part of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar county.
The towns of Lo�inj are listed here with their Italian name equivalents in parentheses: Nerezine (Neresine), Sveti Jakov (San Giacomo Lussignano), �unski (Chiusi Lussignano), Artaturi (Artatore), Mali Lo�inj (Lussinpiccolo) and Veli Lo�inj (Lussingrande).
A regional road runs through the island; ferry connections (via the island of Cres) include Brestova - Porozina, Merag - Valbiska, Mali Lo�inj - Zadar, Mali Lo�inj - Pula. There is also an airport on the island of Lo�inj.
Lo�inj is a part of the Cres-Lo�inj archipelago. The Cres-Lo�inj archipelago includes Cres and Lo�inj, and the smaller islands of Unije, Ilovik, Susak, Vele Srakane, Male Srakane and a number of unhabited small islands. Cres has the biggest land area, and Lo�inj is second. Cres and Lo�inj are connected by a small bridge in the town of Osor (Italian Ossero), on the island of Cres.
Lo�inj is the 11th largest island in the Adriatic Sea, 33 km long, with the width varying from 4.75 km in the north and middle of the island, to 0.25 km near the town of Mali Lo�inj. The total coastline of the island is 112.7 km.
With over 2600 hours of sunlight a year, the island has become a popular destination for German and Italian tourists in the summer months. Average air humidity is 70%, and the average summer temperature is 24�C (75�F) and 7�C (45�F) during the winter.
The highest elevations are the mountains Televrin (also called Osor��ica) (588m) and Sv. Nikola (557m). The towns of Nerezine and Sveti Jakov lie at their base. The island is formed predominantly of chalk limestone and dolomite rocks. There are sand deposits in the western part of the Kurila peninsula.
The island has a mild climate and evergreen vegetation (like myrtle, holm oak, and laurel). The highest elevations in the north have more sparse vegetation. Veli Lo�inj, �ikat and the south-western coast are ringed by pine forests.
The island of Lo�inj has been thought to be inhabited since ancient times. This is evidenced by hill-forts at the foot of Osor��ica and around the port of Mali Lo�inj. The Romans called this island Apsorrus (Ptolemy), and named the islands of Lo�inj and Cres together as Apsirtides. In several places, ruins of Roman villas have been excavated (villae rusticae: Liski, Sveti Jakov, and Studen�i� near �unski). In the Middle Ages, Lo�inj was unpopulated and the property of the clerical and secular nobility of Osor. Built in the Roman Era, several small eremitic churches have been preserved (St. Lovre� near Osor, and St. James in Sveti Jakov).
The first evidence of settlers from the mainland was in 1280. Pursuant to a contract with Osor, their settlements gained self-governance in 1389. The name Lo�inj was first mentioned in 1384. Parallel with the gradual decline of Osor from the 15th century onwards, the settlements Veli Lo�inj and Mali Lo�inj played an increasingly important role.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, trade, shipbuilding and seafaring on the island developed more intensely. After the fall of the Republic of Venice, Lo�inj was under the Austro-Hungarian rule up to its breaking off in 1918; under Italy up to 1943. In 1945 the island was annexed to Yugoslavia. Lo�inj was then an under Croatian rule in 1991 after Croatia's declared independence from Yugoslavia.
Position of island Lo�inj